about Trabzon - geography and climate

Geography and Climate  History of the City  Culture  Places To See  How To Reach The City 

Trabzon is the emerald green city of the Black Sea CoastSpread along the shores of the Black Sea, Trabzon has a climate typical of the region. In summer the temperature is pleasantly cool, and in winter it is mild with an annual average temperature of 14.5 oC. It has a relatively high rainfall all year round, producing a landscape of lush greenery. Dense pine forests cover the mountains, and an abundance of crops flourish in the lower elevations and valleys. The area is home to many beautiful species of plant and wildlife, many unique to the region.

The unusual and varied landscape has shaped the industry and culture of the area. The villages in the area were established in the valleys extending seawards from the mountains. Here the villagers cultivate crops such as tea, hazelnuts, maize and breed livestock. From June onwards, there is a general migration from the villages to the mountain plateau or ‘yayla’ where they take their livestock to graze in the fresh and green pastures.


Trabzon has a mild climate all year round. Day and night temperature difference is not so high. Being situated along a sea-side and surrounded towards south by steep mountains running parallel to the coast, it receives a lot of rain, especially in winters and springs. March and May are the most rainy terms. Snow is rare, and melts away even it does snow. Warm clothes are needed in winters although the temperature never drops below zero. In summers the temperatures are up to 30 oC, but effective temperature is about five degrees more than what is shown due to high humidity. Beaches along the Black Sea coast are very helpful on such days and provide the visitors with a pleasant atmosphere with sea water temperature around 23 degrees celcius.