The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System 

 

The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System is a student-centred system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme, objectives preferably specified in terms of learning outcomes and competences to be acquired. The ECTS weighting for a module is a measure of the student input or workload required for that module, based on factors such as the number of contact hours, the number and length of written or verbally presented assessment exercises, class preparation and private study time, laboratory classes, examinations, clinical attendance, professional training placements,and so on. ECTS makes it possible to merge different types of learning, such as university and work-based learning, within the same programme of study or in a lifelong learning perspective.

 

ECTS credits are awarded to a student only upon successful completion of the course year.Progression from one year to the next is determined by the course regulations. Students who fail a year of their course will not obtain credit for that year even if they have passed certain component courses. Exceptions to this rule are one-year and part-year visiting students, who are awarded credit for individual modules successfully completed.

 

The ECTS is based on the principle that a full-time student would need to complete 60 ECTS (30 credits in each term) per academic year, which represents about 1,500 to 1,800 hours of study. (1 credit represents 25-30 hours estimated student input)

 

According to the ECTS, study programs in Europe are worth the following number of credits:

  • Bachelor's degrees (first cycle) are worth 180 - 240 ECTS (3 to 4 years)
  • Master's programs (second cycle) are worth 60 - 120 ECTS (1 to 2 years)
  • PhD studies (third cycle) have no ECTS range

 

You may access to the general information on Bologna Process via http://bologna.yok.gov.tr