M.Sc. Tezi Görüntüleme
It is known that tunnels, a kind of public works, are built for transportation, defendingand storing. Nowadays, it is required much more construction of these structures because
of broadening of cities, stabilization of road standards, increasing of defence and shelterneeds, being uneven or/and valuable of land. In Türkiye, transportation tunnels are built
widely. In addition, present conditions are required construction of defence tunnels.The design of tunnels requires a cooperative study of engineers from different branches
more than other types of structures because of a special interaction between the tunnel andthe ground.
The principle goal of this study is to make synthesis study concerning subject of tunnelsand explain systematically known analytical methods used design of this structures by
easing their usage with same symbols by means of this study. Thus, it is thought thatengineers working subject on tunnel are provided for choosing suitable method compatible
with ground.The study performed for this purpose includes three main chapters and one appendix.
In the first chapter short history and classification of tunnels, essential investigations forconstruction, choosing method compatible with ground and encountered problems during
construction are emphasized. In the second chapter, information about tunnel lining isgiven and some known analytical and empirical methods used in their structural analysis
are explained by using same symbols. Furthermore, some reminding about finite elementmethods is presented and numerical applications for one of the analytical methods are
made by developed computer program in this chapter.The main results and suggestions are summarised in the third chapter and this last
chapter is followed by the list of references and an appendix including source code ofprogram developed for structural analysis of a tunnel lining and charts for empirical
methods.Key Words: Tunnels, Linings, Design, Method, Analytical, Numerical